Cartref » Prynu Diazepam Heb Bresgripsiwn

1. About diazepam

Diazepam belongs to a gaggle of medicines referred to as benzodiazepines. It is used to deal with anxiousness, muscle spasms and suits (seizures). It is also utilized in hospital to cut back alcohol withdrawal signs, resembling sweating or issue sleeping.

It will also be taken that can assist you loosen up earlier than an operation or different medical or dental remedies. This is named a “pre-med”. Diazepam is obtainable on prescription solely.

It comes as tablets, a liquid that you just swallow, or in a rectal tube (medication that is squeezed into your anus). It will also be given as an injection in hospital.

2. Gwybodaeth allweddol

  • The most typical aspect impact is feeling drowsy.
  • You are not advisable to make use of diazepam for longer than 4 weeks.
  • When you take diazepam and really feel sleepy, don’t drive or use instruments or machines.
  • Don’t drink alcohol whereas taking diazepam. It will possibly make you sleep very deeply. You could have respiratory issues and issue waking up.
  • Diazepam is thought by the model names Diazemuls, Stesolid Rectal tubes, Diazepam Rectubes and Diazepam Desitin. It is also called Valium, however this model just isn’t accessible within the UK anymore.

3. Who can and might’t take diazepam

  • Diazepam tablets and liquid will be taken by adults aged 18 years and over.
  • It will also be taken by youngsters aged 1 month or older for muscle spasms.
  • Diazepam rectal tubes can be utilized by adults and youngsters.

It is not appropriate for everybody. To ensure it is secure for you, inform your physician earlier than beginning diazepam in the event you:

  • have had an allergic response to diazepam or another medication prior to now
  • have liver or kidney issues
  • have (myasthenia gravis), a situation that causes muscle weak point
  • have (sleep apnoea), a situation that causes respiratory issues whenever you’re asleep
  • have despair or ideas of harming your self or suicide
  • have been recognized with persona dysfunction
  • have (or have had) issues with alcohol or medicine
  • have just lately had a loss or bereavement
  • have (arteriosclerosis), a situation that impacts the blood movement to your mind
  • have low ranges of a protein referred to as albumin in your blood
  • are attempting to get pregnant, are already pregnant or breastfeeding
  • are over 65
  • are going to be put to sleep (have a common anaesthetic) for an operation or different medical remedy

4. Sut a phryd i'w gymryd

Rectal tube

  • Diazepam rectal tubes (or rectal diazepam) can be utilized in the event you or your little one is having a match.
  • In case you have been prescribed rectal tubes, it is vital {that a} member of the family, pal or carer is aware of methods to provide you with this medication.
  • When you’re having a match, additionally they must understand how lengthy to attend earlier than supplying you with rectal diazepam.
  • Your physician will determine the correct dose for you or your little one in response to your weight, age and common well being.

Tablets and liquid

  • Take diazepam tablets or liquid with a drink of water. You possibly can take them with or with out meals.
  • You may often take your medication 1 to three instances a day.
  • Your physician will determine the correct dose for you. It is vital to take diazepam precisely as your physician tells you to.

The standard dose for:

  • anxiousness – is 2mg taken 3 instances a day. This may be elevated to 5mg to 10mg 3 instances a day.
  • sleep issues (associated to anxiousness) – is 5mg to 15mg taken as soon as a day at bedtime.
  • muscle spasms in adults – is 2mg to fifteen mg a day. This may be given as 1mg twice a day and go as much as 5mg 3 instances a day. The dose will be elevated as much as 20mg 3 instances a day if wanted.
  • muscle spasm in youngsters (aged 1 month to 17 years) – varies relying on age. It is often given twice a day, with 10 to 12 hours between every dose.
  • Your dose is perhaps decrease in the event you’re over 65 or have kidney, liver or extreme respiratory issues.

What if I overlook to take it?

When you’re taking diazepam recurrently and overlook to take a dose, take the missed dose as quickly as you keep in mind, except it is almost time in your subsequent dose.

On this case, simply omit the missed dose and take your subsequent dose as regular. By no means take 2 doses on the identical time. By no means take an additional dose to make up for a forgotten one.

What if I take an excessive amount of?

The quantity of diazepam that may result in an overdose varies from individual to individual.

Pressing recommendation: Name your physician or go to A&E right away in the event you take an excessive amount of diazepam

When you take an excessive amount of diazepam by chance, chances are you’ll expertise signs together with:

  • poor co-ordination or bother talking
  • feeling sleepy
  • a gradual or irregular heartbeat
  • uncontrolled eye actions
  • muscle weak point
  • feeling overexcited
  • Os ydych chi eisiau mynd i'r adran damweiniau ac achosion brys, peidiwch â gyrru'ch hunan. Gofynnwch i rywun arall eich gyrru neu enwi ambiwlans.
  • Take the diazepam packet, or the leaflet inside it, plus any remaining medication with you.

5. Effeithiau anfwriadol

Like all medicines, diazepam could cause unwanted side effects in some folks, however many individuals don’t have any unwanted side effects or solely minor ones.

Frequent unwanted side effects

These widespread unwanted side effects occur in additional than 1 in 100 folks.

When you get these unwanted side effects, maintain taking the medication and communicate to your physician:

  • feeling sleepy or drowsy
  • confusion
  • issues together with your co-ordination or controlling your actions
  • shaky palms (tremors)

Sgîl-effeithiau critigol diangen

It occurs hardly ever, however some folks have severe unwanted side effects when taking diazepam.

Inform a health care provider right away if:

  • your respiratory turns into very gradual or shallow
  • your pores and skin or the whites of your eyes flip yellow
  • you discover it tough to recollect issues (amnesia)
  • you see or hear issues that aren’t there (hallucinations)
  • you suppose issues that aren’t true (delusions)
  • you retain falling over
  • On very uncommon events, some folks might expertise uncommon temper adjustments. These can turn into severe and usually tend to occur in youngsters or in the event you’re over 65.

Inform your physician in the event you discover any of those unwanted side effects:

  • speaking an excessive amount of or feeling overexcited
  • feeling agitated or stressed
  • feeling irritable or aggressive

Ymateb alergaidd critigol

In uncommon circumstances, diazepam might trigger a severe allergic response (anaphylaxis).

Rapid motion required: Name 999 or go to A&E if:

  • byddwch yn cael mandyllau a brech ar y croen a fydd yn cofleidio mandyllau a chroen coslyd, rhuddgoch, chwyddedig, pothellu neu blicio
  • rydych chi'n gwichian
  • rydych chi'n mynd yn dynn yn y frest neu'r gwddf
  • rydych chi wedi trafferthu anadlu neu siarad
  • eich ceg, wyneb, gwefusau, tafod neu wddf yn dechrau chwyddo
  • Efallai eich bod yn cael adwaith alergaidd difrifol ac efallai y cewch feddyginiaeth gyflym yn yr ysbyty.
  • These should not all of the unwanted side effects of diazepam. For a full record, see the leaflet inside your medication packet.


Mae’n bosibl y gallwch roi gwybod am unrhyw effaith agwedd a amheuir i gynllun diogelwch y DU.

6. Sut i ddelio â sgil-effeithiau diangen

When you really feel sleepy or drowsy, don’t drive or use instruments or equipment till you are feeling higher. Don’t drink any alcohol. This aspect impact ought to get higher as your physique will get used to the medication.

In case your signs don’t enhance after every week, communicate to a health care provider as chances are you’ll want a decrease dose. When you expertise another aspect impact, communicate to your physician.

7. Bod yn feichiog a bwydo ar y fron

There’s not sufficient data to know if diazepam is secure to make use of in being pregnant. Nevertheless it can provide your new child child withdrawal signs.

When you turn into pregnant whereas taking diazepam, communicate to your physician.

Chances are you’ll must maintain taking diazepam throughout being pregnant because it’s vital so that you can stay effectively.

Your physician can clarify the dangers and the advantages of taking diazepam, and can show you how to select one of the best remedy for you and your child.

Diazepam and breastfeeding

In case your physician or well being customer says your child is wholesome, diazepam can be utilized throughout breastfeeding so long as you are solely taking a low dose of diazepam often or for a really quick time.

Diazepam passes into breast milk. When you take diazepam for a very long time or in excessive doses, it may construct up in your milk. This will make your child drowsy or drained and might make it tough for them to feed.

When you’re breastfeeding or planning to breastfeed, speak to your physician or pharmacist, as different medicines is perhaps higher whereas breastfeeding, though this may rely on what the diazepam is getting used for.

When you do take diazepam whilst you’re breastfeeding and also you discover that your child’s not feeding in addition to typical, appears unusually sleepy, has uncommon respiratory, or you’ve another considerations about them, speak to your well being customer or physician as quickly as doable.

Non-urgent recommendation: Inform your physician in the event you’re:

  • ceisio beichiogi
  • feichiog
  • bwydo ar y fron

8. Rhybuddion gyda gwahanol feddyginiaethau

Some medicines intrude with the way in which diazepam works and enhance the probabilities of you having unwanted side effects.

Earlier than you begin taking diazepam, inform your physician in the event you’re taking :

  • antipsychotics used to deal with psychological well being issues
  • antidepressants used to deal with despair
  • anticonvulsants used to deal with epilepsy
  • hypnotics used to deal with anxiousness or sleep issues
  • drowsy or sedating antihistamines, resembling chlorphenamine or promethazine
  • sturdy painkillers, resembling codeine, methadone, morphine, oxycodone, pethidine or tramadol
  • HIV medicines, resembling ritonavir, atazanavir, efavirenz or saquinavir
  • antifungal medicines, resembling fluconazole
  • proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) – medicines for decreasing abdomen acid, resembling omeprazole or esomeprazole
  • muscle relaxants, resembling baclofen and tizanidine
  • disulfiram, a medication for alcohol dependancy
  • isoniazid, a medication for tuberculosis
  • rifampicin, a medication for bacterial infections
  • theophylline, a medication for bronchial asthma and different respiratory issues

Mixing diazepam with natural treatments or dietary supplements

  • There’s little or no details about taking natural treatments and dietary supplements with diazepam.
  • Don’t take natural medicines for anxiousness or insomnia, resembling valerian or passionflower, with diazepam.
  • They will enhance the drowsy results of diazepam and may additionally produce other unwanted side effects.


For security, inform your physician or pharmacist in the event you’re taking another medicines, together with natural medicines, nutritional vitamins or dietary supplements.

  • You need to take diazepam tablets for as quick a time frame as doable.
  • Inform your physician that you just take diazepam if you are going to be put to sleep (utilizing a common anaesthetic) or having any form of main operation.

Sefyllfaoedd cysylltiedig

  • Epilepsy
  • Generalised anxiousness dysfunction in adults
  • Insomnia

9. Cwestiynau mynych

Chwilio Meddyginiaethau yn ôl Categori

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