Cartref » Prynu Diclofenac Heb Bresgripsiwn

1. About diclofenac

Diclofenac is a medication that reduces swelling (irritation) and ache. It is used to deal with aches and pains, in addition to issues with joints, muscular tissues and bones. These embrace:

  • rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis
  • sprains and strains in muscular tissues and ligaments
  • again ache
  • toothache
  • migraine
  • gout

ankylosing spondylitis – this causes irritation of the backbone and different components of the physique

Diclofenac comes as tablets and capsules, together with slow-release tablets and capsules, and suppositories. These can be found on prescription solely. Diclofenac gel and plasters for joint ache are that can be purchased from pharmacies.

It will also be given as an injection or as eyedrops. These are often solely given in hospital. A excessive power diclofenac gel (containing 3% diclofenac) is used to deal with actinic keratoses (dry, scaly patches of pores and skin attributable to solar harm). This remedy is often began after evaluation by a dermatologist and isn’t coated right here.

2. Gwybodaeth allweddol

  • It is best to take the bottom dose of diclofenac for the shortest time to manage your signs.
  • Take diclofenac tablets or capsules with a meal or snack, or simply after consuming.
  • Frequent unwanted side effects are abdomen ache, feeling or being sick and rashes.
  • Diclofenac gel and plasters can be utilized twice a day to focus on ache in a specific space of your physique.

3. Who can and can’t take diclofenac

Most adults can take diclofenac.

  • Youngsters could also be prescribed diclofenac to deal with joint issues. Diclofenac tablets, capsules and suppositories are appropriate for kids aged 6 months and above.
  • Diclofenac gel is appropriate for kids aged 14 and above. Diclofenac plasters and patches are appropriate for younger folks aged 16 and above.
  • Diclofenac just isn’t appropriate for some folks. To ensure it is secure for you, inform your physician or pharmacist in the event you:
  • have ever had an allergic response to diclofenac or another medicines
  • have an allergy to aspirin or different non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) resembling ibuprofen or naproxen
  • have ever had unwanted side effects from taking NSAIDs, resembling wheezing or different indicators of bronchial asthma, a runny nostril, swelling of the pores and skin (angioedema) or a rash
  • have ever had abdomen ulcers, bleeding within the abdomen or intestines, or a gap in your abdomen
  • have hypertension (hypertension)
  • have coronary heart failure, extreme liver illness or kidney illness
  • have Crohn’s illness or ulcerative colitis
  • have lupus
  • have a blood clotting dysfunction
  • are pregnant, planning to get pregnant, or breastfeeding

4. How and when to take or use diclofenac

All the time observe the recommendation of a pharmacist or physician, and the directions that include your medication.

Diclofenac tablets, capsules and suppositories


You may often take diclofenac tablets, capsules or suppositories 2 to three instances a day.

The standard dose is 75mg to 150mg a day, relying on what your physician prescribes for you. Comply with your physician’s recommendation on what number of tablets to take, and what number of instances a day.

In case your physician prescribes diclofenac in your little one, they’re going to use your kid’s weight to work out the correct dose for them.

In case you have ache on a regular basis, your physician might suggest slow-release diclofenac tablets or capsules. You may often take these both as soon as a day within the night, or twice a day. When you’re taking slow-release diclofenac twice a day, depart a niche of 10 to 12 hours between your doses.

How you can take tablets and capsules

Swallow diclofenac tablets or capsules with a drink of milk. If you want to take them with water, take them after a meal or snack. Taking them with milk or meals means they’re going to be much less more likely to upset or irritate your abdomen.

Swallow them entire, don’t crush, break or chew them.

How you can use suppositories

  • Suppositories are medication that you just push gently into your anus (backside).
  • Go to the bathroom beforehand if you want to.
  • Wash your palms earlier than and after utilizing the medication. Additionally clear round your anus with delicate cleaning soap and water, rinse and pat dry.
  • Unwrap the suppository.
  • Gently push the suppository into your anus with the pointed finish first. It must go in about 3 centimetres (1 inch).
  • Sit or lie nonetheless for about quarter-hour. The suppository will soften inside your anus. That is regular.

Diclofenac gel


You may often use the gel 2 to 4 instances a day, relying on how sturdy it’s. Examine the packaging for extra data or communicate to your pharmacist.

When you’re utilizing the gel twice a day, use it as soon as within the morning and as soon as within the night. When you’re utilizing it 3 or 4 instances a day, wait a minimum of 4 hours earlier than placing on any extra.

The quantity of gel you want will depend on the scale of the realm you need to deal with. You may often use an quantity in regards to the dimension of a 1 penny or 2 pence piece (2 to 4 grams).

Necessary: Most dose for diclofenac gel

Don’t use diclofenac gel greater than 4 instances in any 24-hour interval.

How you can use the gel

Gently squeeze the tube, or press firmly and evenly on the nozzle of the dispenser, to get a small quantity of gel. Put the gel on the painful or swollen space and slowly rub it in. It might really feel cool in your pores and skin. Wash your palms afterwards.

Diclofenac plasters and patches


Deal with just one painful space at a time. Don’t use greater than 2 medicated plasters or patches in any 24-hour interval.

How you can use plasters and patches

  • Stick a medicated plaster or patch over the painful space twice a day, as soon as within the morning and as soon as within the night. Take the outdated patch off earlier than you set the brand new one on.
  • Apply mild stress with the palm of your hand till it is utterly caught to your pores and skin.
  • If you need to take the plaster or patch off, it helps to moisten it with some water first. Upon getting taken it off, wash the affected pores and skin and rub it gently in round actions to take away any leftover glue.

What if I overlook to take it?

When you overlook to take diclofenac, take it as quickly as you keep in mind, except it is almost time in your subsequent dose. On this case, skip the missed dose and take the subsequent one on the typical time. By no means take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.

When you typically overlook doses, it could assist to set an alarm to remind you. You may additionally ask your pharmacist for recommendation on different methods that can assist you keep in mind your medication.

What if I take an excessive amount of?

Taking greater than your prescribed dose of diclofenac tablets, capsules or suppositories will be harmful. It will possibly trigger unwanted side effects resembling:

  • abdomen ache
  • feeling or being sick (vomiting)
  • diarrhoea
  • black poo or blood in your vomit – an indication of bleeding in your abdomen
  • complications
  • drowsiness
  • ringing in your ears (tinnitus)

Argymhelliad ar frys: Cysylltwch â 111 am argymhelliad os:

  • you’re taking too many diclofenac tables, capsules or suppositories
  • Ewch i neu enwch 111
  • When you want recommendation for a kid below the age of 5 years, name 111.
  • If you want to go to hospital, take the diclofenac packet or the leaflet inside it, plus any remaining medication, with you.
  • Discover your nearest A&E

What if I take advantage of too many plasters or patches or an excessive amount of gel?

When you use too many plasters or patches or an excessive amount of gel by mistake, it is unlikely to do you any hurt. However in the event you use an excessive amount of and get any unwanted side effects, inform your physician right away.

5. Taking diclofenac with different painkillers

It is secure to take diclofenac with paracetamol or codeine. Don’t take diclofenac with comparable painkillers, like aspirin, ibuprofen or naproxen, with out speaking to a health care provider.

Diclofenac, aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen all belong to the identical group of medicines referred to as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine (NSAIDs). Taking diclofenac along with different NSAIDs might enhance your probabilities of getting unwanted side effects like a abdomen ache.

NSAIDs are additionally utilized in medicines you should purchase from pharmacies, resembling cough and chilly treatments.


Earlier than taking another medicines along with diclofenac, examine the label to see in the event that they include ibuprofen, aspirin or different NSAIDs.

6. Unintended effects

Like all medicines, diclofenac could cause unwanted side effects, though not everybody will get them.

Frequent unwanted side effects

Frequent unwanted side effects of diclofenac tablets, capsules and suppositories occur in additional than 1 in 100 folks.

Speak to your physician or pharmacist if these unwanted side effects hassle you or don’t go away:

  • feeling sick (nausea)
  • being sick (vomiting) or diarrhoea
  • feeling dizzy or vertigo
  • complications
  • abdomen ache, wind or lack of urge for food
  • delicate rash
  • You are much less more likely to have unwanted side effects with diclofenac gel or plasters. It’s because much less medication will get into your physique. However you should still get the identical unwanted side effects, particularly in the event you use loads on a big space of pores and skin.
  • Utilizing diclofenac gel or plasters can have an effect on your pores and skin. It will possibly make your pores and skin
  • extra delicate to daylight than regular
  • develop a rash the place you utilized the gel or plaster
  • dry or irritated (eczema)
  • itchy or infected (dermatitis)

Sgîl-effeithiau critigol diangen

These severe unwanted side effects are uncommon and occur in lower than 1 in 1,000 folks.

Name your physician right away if:

  • you’ve blood in your vomit or black poo – these could possibly be indicators of bleeding in your abdomen or intestine
  • you’ve extreme indigestion, heartburn or abdomen ache, vomiting or diarrhoea – these will be indicators of an ulcer or irritation in your abdomen or intestine
  • the whites of your eyes or your pores and skin flip yellow, though this can be much less apparent on brown or black pores and skin – this generally is a signal of liver issues
  • you’ve a raised, itchy rash, or swollen or puffy pores and skin – these will be indicators of hives (urticaria) or oedema (swelling)
  • you’ve breathlessness, tiredness and swollen legs or ankles – these will be indicators of coronary heart failure

Rapid motion required: Name 999 or go to A&E if:

you’ve chest ache, shortness of breath, really feel weak or lightheaded, or have an awesome feeling of tension – these will be indicators of a coronary heart assault

you’ve weak point on one aspect of your physique, bother talking or considering, lack of stability or blurred eyesight – these will be indicators of a stroke

Ymateb alergaidd critigol

In uncommon circumstances, it is doable to have a severe allergic response (anaphylaxis) to diclofenac.

Angen cynnig cyflym:

  • byddwch yn cael mandyllau a brech ar y croen a fydd yn cofleidio mandyllau a chroen coslyd, rhuddgoch, chwyddedig, pothellu neu blicio
  • rydych chi'n gwichian
  • rydych chi'n mynd yn dynn yn y frest neu'r gwddf
  • rydych chi wedi trafferthu anadlu neu siarad
  • eich ceg, wyneb, gwefusau, tafod neu wddf yn dechrau chwyddo
  • Efallai eich bod yn cael adwaith alergaidd difrifol ac efallai y cewch feddyginiaeth gyflym yn yr ysbyty.
  • These should not all of the unwanted side effects of diclofenac. For a full record, see the leaflet inside your medication packet.


  • You possibly can report any suspected aspect impact utilizing the Yellow Card security scheme.
  • Go to Yellow Card for additional data.

7. How to deal with unwanted side effects of diclofenac

Beth i'w wneud am:

feeling sick (nausea) – take diclofenac with or after a meal or snack. It might additionally assist in the event you keep away from wealthy or spicy meals.

being sick (vomiting) or diarrhoea – drink loads of water or different fluids. When you’re being sick, strive small frequent sips of water. Communicate to a pharmacist in case you have indicators of dehydration, resembling peeing lower than typical or having darkish, strong-smelling pee. Communicate to a health care provider if being sick or diarrhoea lasts for longer than 3 days. Don’t take another medicines with out talking to a pharmacist or physician.

feeling dizzy or vertigo – in the event you really feel dizzy or unsteady, cease what you are doing and sit or lie down till you are feeling higher. Don’t drive or cycle, or use instruments or equipment, in the event you’re feeling dizzy or lightheaded. As your physique will get used to diclofenac, these unwanted side effects ought to put on off.

complications – ensure you relaxation and drink loads of fluids. Don’t drink an excessive amount of alcohol. Ask your pharmacist to suggest an alternate painkiller. Complications ought to often go away after the primary week of taking diclofenac. Speak to your physician in the event that they last more than every week or are extreme.

abdomen ache, wind or lack of urge for food – strive to not eat meals that trigger wind (like peas, lentils, beans and onions). Eat smaller meals, eat and drink slowly, and train recurrently.

a light rash and dry or irritated, itchy or infected pores and skin – use an emollient cream or ointment to moisturise, soothe and hydrate the affected space. If it doesn’t get higher inside every week otherwise you’re anxious, communicate to a pharmacist or physician.

pores and skin being extra delicate to daylight – keep out of vivid solar and use a excessive issue solar cream (SPF 15 or above), even on cloudy days. Don’t use a sunlamp or sunbeds.

8. Being pregnant and breastfeeding

Diclofenac and being pregnant

  • Diclofenac just isn’t often advisable in being pregnant.
  • It’s because diclofenac might trigger issues in your unborn child. For instance it may have an effect on your child’s circulation and it may trigger you to have too little amniotic fluid surrounding your child within the womb.
  • Your physician will solely advise you to take diclofenac whilst you’re pregnant if the advantages of taking the medication clearly outweigh the dangers.
  • There could also be different remedies which are safer for you. Paracetamol is mostly one of the best painkiller to take throughout being pregnant.

Diclofenac and breastfeeding

You possibly can take diclofenac whereas breastfeeding. Solely very small quantities get into breast milk that are unlikely to trigger unwanted side effects in your child. Many breastfeeding moms have used it with none issues.

When you discover that your child just isn’t feeding in addition to typical, or in case you have another considerations about your child, speak to your midwife, well being customer, pharmacist or physician as quickly as doable.

Non-urgent recommendation: Inform your physician in the event you’re:

  • ceisio beichiogi
  • feichiog
  • bwydo ar y fron
  • For extra details about how this medication can have an effect on you and your child, learn this leaflet on diclofenac on the Greatest Use of Medicines in Being pregnant (BUMPs) web site.

9. Cautions with different medicines

There are some medicines that have an effect on the way in which diclofenac works. Inform your physician in the event you’re taking:

  • different anti-inflammatory medicines, resembling aspirin or ibuprofen
  • antibiotics, resembling ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, nalidixic acid, norfloxacin or ofloxacin
  • anticoagulants (generally referred to as “blood thinners”), resembling warfarin
  • medicines for coronary heart issues, resembling digoxin, and medicines for hypertension
  • medicines to decrease ldl cholesterol, resembling colestipol and cholestyramine
  • medicines to deal with seizures, resembling phenytoin
  • medicines that cut back the exercise of your immune system (immunosuppressants), resembling ciclosporin or tacrolimus
  • selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants like citalopram or sertraline
  • steroid medicines, resembling hydrocortisone or prednisolone
  • tablets that make you pee extra (diuretics), resembling furosemide or bumetanide
  • lithium, which is used to deal with psychological well being issues
  • methotrexate, which is used to deal with some inflammatory ailments and cancers
  • mifepristone, which is used for ending a being pregnant (abortion)
  • zidovudine, which is used to deal with HIV

Mixing diclofenac with natural treatments or dietary supplements

It is not doable to say that complementary medicines or natural treatments are secure to take with diclofenac. They are not examined in the identical means as prescription medicines or medicines offered in pharmacies. They’re usually not examined for the impact they will have on different medicines.

Necessary: Medication security

Inform your physician or pharmacist in the event you’re taking another medicines, together with natural medicines, nutritional vitamins or dietary supplements.

10. Frequent questions on diclofenac

Necessary: Abdomen ulcers

Cease taking diclofenac and get in touch with your physician in the event you suppose you could have signs of a abdomen ulcer. These can embrace intense ache within the centre of your abdomen, indigestion, heartburn and feeling sick.

Sefyllfaoedd cysylltiedig

  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Gout
  • Migraine
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
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