1. About erythromycin
Erythromycin is an antibiotic. It is broadly used to deal with chest infections, resembling pneumonia, pores and skin issues, resembling pimples and rosacea, dental abscesses, and sexually transmitted infections.
Erythromycin is utilized in youngsters, typically to deal with ear infections or chest infections. The medication is obtainable on prescription as tablets, capsules, or a liquid that you just drink.
It is also accessible as a pores and skin answer to deal with pores and skin infections like pimples. It may be given by injection, however that is often solely performed in hospital.
2. Gwybodaeth allweddol
Take erythromycin 2 or 4 instances a day as prescribed by your physician. For many infections, you must really feel higher inside a couple of days. For pores and skin situations like pimples and rosacea, it could take a few months earlier than you see an enchancment.
The most typical unwanted side effects of erythromycin are feeling or being sick (nausea or vomiting), abdomen cramps and diarrhoea. Consuming alcohol with erythromycin might barely cut back or delay the medication’s advantages.
Erythromcyin can be referred to as by the model names Erythrocin, Erythrolar, Erymax, Tiloryth, Rommix, Erythroped A and Erythroped.
3. Who can and can’t take erythromycin
Erythromycin will be taken by adults, together with pregnant and breastfeeding girls. Erythromycin will be taken by youngsters.
Erythromycin is not appropriate for sure folks. To ensure erythromycin is secure for you, inform your physician in case you have:
- had an allergic response to erythromycin or different antibiotics prior to now
- a uncommon, inherited blood dysfunction referred to as porphyria
- liver or kidney issues
- had diarrhoea whenever you’ve taken antibiotics earlier than
- quick, pounding or irregular heartbeats
- a sexually transmitted an infection referred to as syphilis and also you’re pregnant – erythromycin alone might not have the ability to stop your child getting the an infection
- a muscle-weakening sickness referred to as myasthenia gravis – erythromycin could make your signs worse
- low potassium or magnesium ranges, or have been recognized with this prior to now
4. Sut a phryd i'w gymryd
The standard dose of erythromycin is 250mg to 1,000mg taken 4 instances a day. Generally it is taken twice a day. The dose could also be decrease for kids.
Attempt to house the doses evenly all through the day – for instance, very first thing within the morning, at about noon, late within the afternoon and at bedtime. Usually, it is higher to take erythromycin with meals so it would not upset your abdomen.
Keep on taking this medication till the course is accomplished, even in the event you really feel higher. When you cease your remedy early, your an infection may come again.
How you can take it
Swallow erythromycin tablets or capsules entire with a drink of water. Don’t chew or break them. There is a liquid erythromycin for kids and individuals who discover it tough to swallow tablets.
When you or your little one are taking erythromycin as a liquid, it will often be made up for you by your pharmacist. The medication will include a syringe or spoon that can assist you take the correct quantity. If you do not have a syringe or spoon, ask your pharmacist for one. Don’t use a kitchen teaspoon because it won’t give the correct quantity.
What if I overlook to take it?
When you overlook to take a dose, take it as quickly as you keep in mind, except it is almost time in your subsequent dose. On this case, simply omit the missed dose and take your subsequent dose as regular.
By no means take 2 doses on the identical time. By no means take an additional dose to make up for a forgotten one.
When you overlook doses typically, it could assist to set an alarm to remind you. You may additionally ask your pharmacist for recommendation on different methods that can assist you keep in mind to take your medication.
What if I take an excessive amount of?
Attempt to take the proper variety of doses every day, leaving a minimum of 4 hours between doses. Taking an additional dose of erythromycin by chance is unlikely to hurt you or your little one. It might, nevertheless, enhance the prospect of short-term unwanted side effects, resembling listening to loss, feeling or being sick and diarrhoea.
Speak to your pharmacist or physician in the event you’re anxious, or in the event you or your little one by chance take greater than 1 additional dose.
5. Effeithiau anfwriadol
Like all medicines, erythromycin could cause unwanted side effects, though not everybody will get them.
Info for folks and carers
In case your child is vomiting or very irritable after feeding, cease giving them erythromycin and get in touch with your physician, midwife or well being customer for recommendation.
Frequent unwanted side effects
These widespread unwanted side effects of erythromycin occur in additional than 1 in 100 folks.
Preserve taking the medication, however speak to your physician or pharmacist if these unwanted side effects hassle you or do not go away:
- feeling sick (nausea)
- being sick (vomiting) and diarrhoea
- abdomen cramps
- lack of urge for food
- bloating and indigestion
Sgîl-effeithiau critigol diangen
Critical unwanted side effects are uncommon and occur in lower than 1 in 1,000 folks.
Name a health care provider right away in the event you get:
- chest pains or your coronary heart is thrashing abnormally
- pores and skin rash
- extreme abdomen ache – this generally is a signal of pancreas issues
- yellowing of the pores and skin or the whites of the eyes, or pale poo with darkish pee – these will be indicators of liver or gallbladder issues
- hallucinations (seeing or listening to issues that are not there)
- ringing within the ears, short-term listening to loss, or feeling unsteady in your ft
- a temperature of 38C and above
Ymateb alergaidd critigol
In uncommon circumstances, it is doable to have a severe allergic response (anaphylaxis) to erythromycin.
Angen cynnig cyflym:
- byddwch yn cael mandyllau a brech ar y croen a fydd yn cofleidio mandyllau a chroen coslyd, rhuddgoch, chwyddedig, pothellu neu blicio
- rydych chi'n gwichian
- rydych chi'n mynd yn dynn yn y frest neu'r gwddf
- rydych chi wedi trafferthu anadlu neu siarad
- eich ceg, wyneb, gwefusau, tafod neu wddf yn dechrau chwyddo
Efallai eich bod yn cael adwaith alergaidd difrifol ac efallai y cewch feddyginiaeth gyflym yn yr ysbyty.
6. Sut i ddelio â sgil-effeithiau diangen
Beth i'w wneud am:
feeling sick (nausea) – stick with easy meals and don’t eat wealthy or spicy meals whilst you’re taking this medication. It’d assist to take your erythromycin with a meal or snack.
being sick (vomiting) and diarrhoea – drink a number of fluids, resembling water or squash and take small, frequent sips in the event you really feel sick to keep away from dehydration. Indicators of dehydration embrace peeing lower than typical or having strong-smelling pee. Don’t take another medicines with out talking to a pharmacist or physician.
abdomen cramps – attempt to relaxation and loosen up. It will possibly assist to eat and drink slowly and have smaller and extra frequent meals. Placing a warmth pad or coated sizzling water bottle in your abdomen may additionally assist. If you’re in plenty of ache, communicate to your pharmacist or physician.
lack of urge for food – eat whenever you would often count on to be hungry. If it helps, eat smaller meals extra typically than typical. Snack whenever you’re hungry.
bloating and indigestion – strive to not eat meals that trigger wind (like lentils, peas, beans and onions). Eat smaller meals, eat and drink slowly, and train recurrently. Pharmacy medicines like simethicone can even assist.
7. Bod yn feichiog a bwydo ar y fron
It is often secure to take erythromycin throughout being pregnant and whereas breastfeeding.
For extra details about how erythromycin can have an effect on you and your child throughout being pregnant, learn this leaflet on the Greatest Use of Medicines in Being pregnant (BUMPS) web site.
For security, inform your physician in the event you’re attempting to get pregnant, are already pregnant or in the event you’re breastfeeding.
8. Rhybuddion gyda gwahanol feddyginiaethau
There are some medicines that do not combine effectively with erythromycin.
Inform your physician in the event you’re taking these medicines earlier than you begin erythromycin:
- antihistamine medicines, resembling astemizole, terfenadine or mizolastine
- an anti-sickness medication referred to as domperidone
- medicines for psychological well being issues referred to as pimozide and amisulpride
- migraine medicines referred to as ergotamine and dihrydroergotamine
- a cholesterol-lowering medication referred to as simvastatin
- a bladder weak point medication referred to as tolterodine
- rivaroxaban (a blood thinner) – erythromycin can enhance the chance of bleeding
Mixing erythromycin with natural treatments and dietary supplements
There are not any identified issues with taking natural treatments or dietary supplements alongside erythromycin.
Necessary: Medication security
Inform your physician or pharmacist in the event you’re taking another medicines, together with natural medicines, nutritional vitamins or dietary supplements.
9. Cwestiynau mynych
Sut mae erythromycin yn gweithio?
Daw erythromycin o gaggl o feddyginiaethau y cyfeirir atynt fel gwrthfiotigau macrolide. Mae gwrthfiotigau macrolid yn gweithio trwy ladd y micro-organeb sy'n achosi'r haint.
Pryd fydda i wir yn teimlo'n uwch?
For many infections, you must really feel higher inside a couple of days. For pores and skin issues resembling pimples and rosacea, count on to take the medication for a minimum of 2 months earlier than you see a lot enchancment.
It is crucial that you just maintain taking erythromycin till your course is completed. Do that even in the event you really feel higher. It can assist to cease the an infection coming again.
A allaf yfed alcohol ag ef?
There is not any particular warning to cease ingesting alcohol whereas taking erythromycin, however there’s some proof that alcohol might decelerate or delay the medication working. You may need to cease ingesting alcohol or restrict how a lot you drink whilst you’re taking erythromycin.
A fydd fy atal cenhedlu yn dod i ben?
Erythromycin would not cease contraceptive capsules working, together with the mixed capsule and emergency contraception.
Nonetheless, if erythromycin makes you sick or have extreme diarrhoea (6 to eight watery poos in 24 hours) for greater than 24 hours, your contraceptive capsule might not shield you from being pregnant. Look on the capsule packet to seek out out what to do.
Learn extra about what to do in the event you’re on the capsule and also you’re sick or have diarrhoea.
A fydd yn lleihau fy ffrwythlondeb?
There is not any agency proof to recommend that taking erythromycin will cut back fertility in girls. Nonetheless, there’s been analysis suggesting that erythromycin might cut back male fertility by decreasing and slowing down sperm. The proof is weak, although, and this hyperlink is not confirmed. Speak to your physician in the event you’re involved.
Beth os na fyddaf yn mynd yn uwch?
Inform your physician in the event you do not begin feeling higher after taking erythromycin for 3 days. Additionally inform them if, at any time, you begin to really feel worse.
When you’re taking erythromycin for a pores and skin an infection, it could take a number of weeks to see an enchancment.
A oes unrhyw brydau neu ddiod y mae'n rhaid i mi gadw draw ohonynt?
Don’t eat grapefruit or drink grapefruit juice whilst you’re taking erythromycin.
Grapefruit can enhance the quantity of erythromycin in your physique and imply you are extra more likely to have unwanted side effects.
- Chest an infection
- Ear infections
- Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)