1. What’s oxycodone
Oxycodone is an opiate painkiller. It is used to deal with extreme ache, for instance after an operation or a critical damage, or ache from most cancers. It is also used for different kinds of long-standing ache when weaker painkillers, corresponding to paracetamol, ibuprofen and aspirin, haven’t labored.
Oxycodone is barely obtainable on prescription. It comes as slow-release tablets, capsules and a liquid which you swallow. It may also be given by an injection, however that is often executed in hospital. Oxycodone can also be identified by the model names Oxynorm and OxyContin.
It is generally given as a pill which additionally has a medication known as naloxone in it (Targinact). That is used to stop sure unwanted side effects, corresponding to constipation.
2. Key info
- Oxycodone works by stopping ache alerts travelling alongside the nerves to the mind.
- Oxycodone liquid and capsules work in 30 to 60 minutes however put on off after 4 to six hours.
- It is potential to grow to be hooked on oxycodone, however your physician will clarify learn how to scale back the dangers of changing into addicted.
- If you could take oxycodone for quite a lot of weeks, your remedy plan might embrace particulars of how and when to cease taking this medication.
- The most typical unwanted side effects of oxycodone are constipation, feeling sick and feeling sleepy.
3. Who can and can’t take oxycodone
Oxycodone will be taken by adults and kids aged 1 month and older. Infants, younger youngsters and older persons are extra more likely to get unwanted side effects.
Oxycodone will not be appropriate for some individuals. Inform your physician earlier than beginning this medication if you happen to:
- have ever had an allergic response to oxycodone or another medication
- have lung issues, bronchial asthma or respiration difficulties
- have an habit to alcohol
- have a head damage or situation which causes seizures or matches
- have an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism)
- have kidney or liver issues
- have an enlarged prostate
- have low blood strain (hypotension)
- have a psychological well being situation which is affected by sure medicines
- have had current abdomen surgical procedure or bowel issues
- are attempting to get pregnant, are already pregnant or if you happen to’re breastfeeding
4. How and when to take it
Observe your physician’s directions What’s learn how to use this medication. That is significantly vital as a result of oxycodone will be addictive.
Take oxycodone with, or simply after, a meal or snack because it’s much less more likely to make you are feeling sick. It is vital to swallow slow-release oxycodone tablets complete with a drink of water.
Oxycodone comes as:
- capsules – these comprise 5mg, 10mg or 20mg of oxycodone
- slow-release tablets – these comprise 5mg, 10mg, 15mg, 20mg, 30mg, 40mg, 60mg, 80mg or 120mg of oxycodone
- liquid – this incorporates 5mg of oxycodone in 5ml or 10mg of oxycodone in 1ml of liquid.
Oxycodone liquid, capsules and injections work quicker (quick appearing). They’re used for ache which is anticipated to final for a short while and infrequently used whenever you begin taking oxycodone, to assist discover the proper dose.
Oxycodone tablets are sluggish launch. This implies the oxycodone is regularly launched into your physique over both 12 or 24 hours. This sort of oxycodone takes longer to begin working however lasts longer. It is used for long-term ache. Typically your physician might prescribe each fast-acting and slow-release oxycodone to handle long-term ache.
Don’t break, crush, chew or suck oxycodone slow-release tablets. For those who do, the slow-release system won’t work and the entire dose would possibly get into your physique in a single go. This might trigger an overdose.
How usually will I take it?
How usually you’re taking it is determined by the kind of oxycodone that you have been prescribed:
- capsules – often 4 to six instances a day
- slow-release tablets – often 1 to 2 instances a day
- liquid – often 4 to six instances a day
You possibly can take oxycodone at any time of day, however attempt to take it on the identical time daily and house your doses evenly. For instance, if you happen to take oxycodone twice a day and have your first dose at 8am, take your second dose at 8pm.
Will my dose go up or down?
Normally, you begin on a low dose of oxycodone and that is elevated regularly till your ache is effectively managed. As soon as your ache is below management, your physician might prescribe slow-release tablets. This will reduce down the variety of doses you must take every day.
Once you cease taking oxycodone your physician will regularly scale back your dose, particularly if you happen to’ve been taking it for a very long time.
What if I neglect to take it?
- This can rely upon which sort of oxycodone you take.
- For those who neglect to take a dose, test the data that comes with the medication or ask your pharmacist or physician for recommendation.
- By no means take 2 doses on the identical time to make up for a forgotten one.
- For those who usually neglect doses, it could assist to set an alarm to remind you. You may additionally ask a pharmacist for recommendation on different methods to recollect to take your medication.
What if I take an excessive amount of?
It is vital to not take greater than your prescribed dose, even if you happen to assume it isn’t sufficient to alleviate your ache. Communicate to your physician first, if you happen to assume you want a unique dose.
Pressing recommendation: Name 111 now if:
- you’re taking an excessive amount of oxycodone
For those who take an excessive amount of oxycodone chances are you’ll really feel very sleepy, sick or dizzy, discover it troublesome to breathe or grow to be unconscious.
- For those who want recommendation for a kid below the age of 5 years, name 111.
- For those who go to A&E, don’t drive your self – get another person to drive you or name for an ambulance.
- Take the oxycodone field or leaflet contained in the packet plus any remaining medication with you.
The place to retailer oxycodone
For those who’re prescribed oxycodone, it is actually vital that you simply:
- retailer it correctly and safely at house
- maintain it out of the sight and attain of kids
- don’t give your medication to anybody else
- return any unused oxycodone to a pharmacy so it may be thrown away safely
5. Taking oxycodone with different painkillers
It is protected to take oxycodone with paracetamol, ibuprofen or aspirin (don’t give aspirin to youngsters below 16 years of age).
Don’t take oxycodone with painkillers that comprise codeine. You can be extra more likely to get unwanted side effects.
Painkillers that comprise codeine embrace co-codamol (codeine and paracetamol), Nurofen Plus (codeine and ibuprofen), co-codaprin (codeine and aspirin) and Solpadeine (codeine, paracetamol, ibuprofen and caffeine).
6. Negative effects
Like all medicines, oxycodone may cause unwanted side effects in some individuals, however many individuals don’t have any unwanted side effects or solely minor ones.
The upper the dose of oxycodone the extra likelihood that you’re going to get unwanted side effects.
Widespread unwanted side effects
Widespread unwanted side effects occur in additional than 1 in 100 individuals. Speak to a health care provider or pharmacist if these unwanted side effects hassle you or don’t go away:
- feeling or being sick (nausea or vomiting)
- abdomen discomfort
- feeling sleepy or drained
- feeling dizzy and a sensation of spinning (vertigo)
- itchiness or rash
Critical unwanted side effects
Critical unwanted side effects occur in lower than 1 in 100 individuals. Name a health care provider when you’ve got:
- muscle stiffness
- really feel dizzy, drained and have low power – this might be an indication of low blood strain (hypotension)
Speedy motion required: Name 999 if:
- you might have had a seizure or match (the place your physique jerks and shakes)
- you might have problem respiration or brief shallow respiration
Critical allergic response
In uncommon circumstances, it is potential to have a critical allergic response (anaphylaxis) to oxycodone.
Speedy motion required:
- you get a pores and skin rash that will embrace itchy, pink, swollen, blistered or peeling pores and skin
- you are wheezing
- you get tightness within the chest or throat
- you might have hassle respiration or speaking
- your mouth, face, lips, tongue or throat begin swelling
You may be having a critical allergic response and might have speedy remedy in hospital. These aren’t all of the unwanted side effects of oxycodone. For a full listing, see the leaflet inside your medication packet.
7. How to deal with unwanted side effects
What to do What’s:
- constipation – attempt to embrace extra high-fibre meals in your weight loss plan corresponding to fruits, greens and cereals. Attempt to drink a number of glasses of water every day. For those who can, it could additionally assist to do some mild train. Ask your physician What’s medication to assist stop or deal with constipation brought on by oxycodone.
- abdomen discomfort, feeling or being sick – take oxycodone with or simply after a meal or snack to ease emotions of illness. Make sure the tablets or capsules are swallowed complete with a glass of water. This facet impact ought to often put on off after a couple of days. Speak to a health care provider What’s taking anti-sickness medication if it carries on for longer.
- feeling sleepy, drained or dizzy – these unwanted side effects ought to put on off inside per week or two as your physique will get used to oxycodone. Speak to a health care provider in the event that they keep on for longer.
- confusion – speak to a health care provider if you happen to really feel confused. Your dose might should be adjusted.
- complications – ensure you relaxation and drink loads of fluids. It might be finest to not drink alcohol whereas taking oxycodone as this may make complications worse. It is protected to take an on a regular basis painkiller corresponding to paracetamol or ibuprofen. Speak to a health care provider if complications last more than per week or are extreme.
- itchiness or rash – it could assist to take an antihistamine which you should buy from a pharmacy. Examine with the pharmacist to see what kind is appropriate for you. If signs don’t go away or they worsen, speak to a health care provider as chances are you’ll have to attempt a unique painkiller.
Don’t take another medicines to deal with the unwanted side effects of oxycodone with out chatting with a pharmacist or physician first.
8. Being pregnant and breastfeeding
- Oxycodone is usually not really helpful throughout being pregnant or whereas breastfeeding.
- In early being pregnant, it has been linked to some issues in your child. For those who take oxycodone on the finish of being pregnant there is a threat that your child might get withdrawal signs or be hooked on oxycodone once they’re born.
- Nonetheless, it is vital to deal with ache in being pregnant. For some pregnant ladies with extreme ache, oxycodone is perhaps the proper medication. Your physician is the very best individual that will help you resolve what’s best for you and your child.
- Discover out extra What’s how oxycodone can have an effect on you and your child throughout being pregnant from Finest Use of Medicines in Being pregnant (BUMPS).
Oxycodone and breastfeeding
Oxycodone will not be often really helpful if you happen to’re breastfeeding. Small quantities of oxycodone cross into breast milk and will trigger respiration issues in your child.
Inform a health care provider if you’re breastfeeding. They can suggest a unique painkiller.
Non-urgent recommendation: Inform your physician if you happen to’re:
- making an attempt to get pregnant
9. Cautions with different medicines
Some medicines and oxycodone intrude with one another and improve the possibility that you’ll have unwanted side effects.
Inform a health care provider earlier than you begin taking oxycodone if you’re taking any medicines:
- that will help you sleep
- for despair or psychological well being issues – some varieties can’t be taken with oxycodone
- for hypertension (hypertension)
- to assist cease you feeling or being sick (vomiting), corresponding to domperidone or metoclopramide
- to deal with signs of an allergy corresponding to antihistamines
- to scale back stress or anxiousness
- for an an infection
- to manage seizures of matches resulting from epilepsy
Mixing oxycodone with natural cures and dietary supplements
It isn’t potential to say that oxycodone is protected to take with natural cures and dietary supplements. They don’t seem to be examined for the impact they’ve on different medicines in the identical method pharmacy and prescription medicines are.
Inform your physician or pharmacist if you happen to’re taking another medicines, together with natural medicines, nutritional vitamins or dietary supplements.
10. Widespread questions
- How does oxycodone work?
Oxycodone is from a gaggle of medicines known as opiates, or narcotics. It really works within the central nervous system and the mind to dam ache alerts to the remainder of the physique. It additionally reduces the anxiousness and stress brought on by ache.
- How lengthy does it take to work?
This is determined by the kind of oxycodone you're taking – quick appearing or sluggish appearing. Quick-acting oxycodone (capsules and liquid) take 30 to 60 minutes to work, however these put on off after 4 to six hours.
Gradual-acting oxycodone (tablets) can take 1 to 2 days to work totally, however the ache aid will last more. An oxycodone injection right into a vein offers the quickest ache aid and works nearly right away.
- How lengthy will I take it for?
Relying on why you take oxycodone, chances are you'll solely have to take it for a short while. For instance, if you happen to're in ache after an damage or operation, chances are you'll solely have to take oxycodone for a couple of days or even weeks at most.
Chances are you'll have to take it for longer when you've got a long-term situation corresponding to most cancers.
- Can I grow to be hooked on oxycodone?
It's potential to grow to be hooked on oxycodone. If you could take if for a very long time your physique can grow to be tolerant to it. Which means you want larger doses to manage your ache over time. For that reason, the dose you're taking shall be reviewed to ensure you are solely taking the quantity you could management your ache.
- How will I do know if I am addicted?
For those who're hooked on oxycodone, chances are you'll discover it troublesome to cease taking it or really feel you could take it extra usually than crucial.
For those who cease taking it immediately chances are you'll undergo from withdrawal signs. These embrace:
feeling agitated, anxious or nervous
-pins and needles
-ringing within the ears
Speak to a health care provider if you happen to're fearful What's habit or if you wish to know extra What's learn how to stop withdrawal signs.
- Is it protected to take for a very long time?
For some individuals with circumstances who want long-term ache aid, it could be essential to take oxycodone for a very long time. If you could take it for a very long time, your physique can grow to be tolerant to it. Which means you want larger doses to manage your ache over time.
Some individuals can grow to be extra delicate to ache (hyperalgesia). If this occurs, your physician will scale back your dose regularly to assist these signs.
It's potential to grow to be hooked on oxycodone. For that reason, your dose shall be reviewed to ensure you are solely taking the quantity you could management your ache. Your remedy plan might embrace particulars of how and when you'll cease taking oxycodone.
In case you are having remedy for most cancers ache or different extreme ache, your ache management shall be rigorously monitored. Communicate to your physician if you're fearful What's tolerance, hyperalgesia or changing into addicted.
- What's going to occur if I cease taking it?
If you could take oxycodone for a very long time, your physique can get used to it. This isn't often an issue, however if you happen to cease taking it immediately you would get withdrawal signs corresponding to:
-feeling agitated, anxious or nervous
-pins and needles
-ringing within the ears
If you wish to cease taking oxycodone, speak to a health care provider first. Your dose will be lowered regularly so you don't get these signs.
- How is it totally different to different opiates?
Oxycodone acts on totally different ache alerts within the mind to another opiates. This doesn't imply it is higher for sure circumstances.
The ache aid and unwanted side effects which you may get from oxycodone shall be totally different for particular person individuals. A physician might prescribe oxycodone when you've got had unwanted side effects from different opiates.
- Can I drink alcohol with it?
It is best to cease consuming alcohol through the first few days of remedy, or if a health care provider will increase your dose, till you see how oxycodone impacts you.
Ingesting alcohol when you're taking oxycodone might make you are feeling extra sleepy or improve the chance of great unwanted side effects.
- Is there any meals or drink I have to keep away from?
Grapefruit juice can improve the quantity of oxycodone in your physique so it is a good suggestion to keep away from it when you're taking oxycodone. Oxycodone will not be usually affected by another meals or drink (besides alcohol).
- Will it have an effect on my contraception?
Oxycodone doesn't have an effect on any kind of contraception together with the mixed capsule or emergency contraception.
- Will it have an effect on my fertility?
There is no agency proof to recommend that taking oxycodone will scale back fertility in ladies or males. Nonetheless, communicate to a pharmacist or physician if you happen to're making an attempt to get pregnant. They might need to evaluation your remedy.
- Can I drive or trip a motorbike?
Don't drive a automotive, trip a motorbike or function equipment if oxycodone offers you blurred imaginative and prescient, makes you are feeling dizzy, sleepy, clumsy or unable to pay attention or make choices.
This can be extra probably whenever you first begin taking oxycodone however might occur at any time – for instance when beginning one other medication or if a health care provider will increase your dose.
It is an offence to drive a automotive in case your capacity to drive safely is affected. It is your duty to resolve if it is protected to drive. For those who're in any doubt, don't drive. It might be finest to not drink alcohol whereas taking oxycodone as you are extra more likely to get unwanted side effects like feeling sleepy.
Even when your capacity to drive will not be affected, police have the proper to request a saliva pattern to test how a lot morphine is in your physique.
GOV.UK has extra info What's the legislation on medicine and driving. Speak to a health care provider or pharmacist if you happen to're not sure whether or not it is protected so that you can drive whereas taking oxycodone.
- Will leisure medicine have an effect on it?
For those who take leisure medicine, corresponding to hashish, cocaine and heroin, when you're taking oxycodone, you are extra more likely to get the intense unwanted side effects of oxycodone together with respiration difficulties, muscle stiffness, low blood strain and seizures or matches.
Some leisure medicine, corresponding to hashish, may even improve oxycodone unwanted side effects and make you are feeling sleepy and dizzy.
Taking heroin when you're taking prescribed oxycodone is very harmful. You are extra more likely to get all of the unwanted side effects of oxycodone, together with habit. Inform your physician if you happen to take leisure medicine when you're taking oxycodone.
- Most cancers
- Healthunlocked: oxycodone discussion board
- Ache Concern
- Motion on Ache
- Ache Toolkit: self-help suggestions